# LO 3 2 Define and Describe the Expanded Accounting Equation and Its Relationship to Analyzing Transactions

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Let’s now take a look at the right side of the accounting equation. Record each of the above transactions on your balance sheet. Add the \$10,000 startup equity from the first example to the \$500 sales equity in example three. Add the total equity to the \$2,000 liabilities from example two. Uses the accounting equation to show the relationship between assets, liabilities, and equity.

The more detailed equity section allows businesses to see how changes in revenue and expenses affect equity. Some terminology may vary depending on the type of entity structure. „Members’ capital” and „owners’ capital” are commonly used for partnerships and sole proprietorships, respectively, while „distributions” and „withdrawals” are substitute nomenclature for „dividends.” The section of the basic equation which contains both the assets and liabilities remains unchanged in the expanded equation. Before we explore how to analyze transactions, we first need to understand what governs the way transactions are recorded. As you continue your accounting studies and you consider the different major types of business entities available , there is another important concept for you to remember.

## Parts of the balance sheet equation

Let’s plug this into the equation to see if Ed’s accounts are balanced. Company ZZK plans to buy office equipment that is \$500 but only has \$250 cash to use for the purchase. If something is off, research your financial documents to make sure all transactions are accurate in your records. Working capital indicates whether a company will have the amount of money needed to pay its bills and other obligations when due. Dividends are the part of earnings that are distributed to stockholders, so they are subtracted from equity. These are the funds that are invested in a business by the shareholders in exchange for stock. For each transaction, the total debits equal the total credits.

• The expanded accounting equation can allow analysts to better look into the company’s break-down of shareholder’s equity.
• The accounting equation is also known as the statement of financial position equation, as it shows the total number of assets, liabilities, and capital of a business, for a specific period.
• It represents what is left from the assets when all the liabilities have been paid off.
• Understand what the accounting equation is, learn the elements of the basic accounting equation, and see examples.
• When a company first starts the analysis process, it will make a list of all the accounts used in day-to-day transactions.

The expanded accounting equation shows more shareholders’ equity components in the calculation. In double-entry accounting or bookkeeping, total debits on the left side must equal total credits on the right side. That’s the case for each business transaction and journal entry. Like the basic accounting equation, the expanded accounting equation shows the relationships among the accounting elements. In the expanded version, the „capital” portion is broken down into several components. The expanded accounting equation still includes total liabilities and total assets.

## Different Types of the Expanded Accounting Equation

The accounting equation is formalized in different methods for different setups. The four elements inserted into the owner’s equity are the revenues, expenses, owner’s withdrawals, and owner’s capital. When using the Expanded Accounting Equation, include all elements of the owner’s equity or stockholder’s equity, including gains, losses, and other accumulated comprehensive income, if applicable. The components of equity include contributed capital, retained earnings, and revenue minus dividends.

Your bank account, company vehicles, office equipment, and owned property are all examples of assets. It can be used for deep diving into the organization’s financial transactions, thereby also in the detailed analysis of the financial statements.

## Expanded Accounting Equation Principle Explained

To see if everything is balanced, the totals are simply plugged in to the accounting equation. Once the math is done, if one side is equal to the other, then the accounts are balanced. Owner’s equity is also referred to as shareholder’s equity for a corporation. This is the value of money that the business owners can get after all liabilities are paid off if the business shuts down.

### What are the 3 formulas of accounting equation?

• Also known as the balance sheet equation, the accounting equation formula is Assets = Liabilities + Equity.
• This Accounting Equation article will also discuss:
• So, let's take a look at every element of the accounting equation.
• The first part of the accounting equation is assets.

Eventually that debt must be repaid by performing the service, fulfilling the subscription, or providing an asset such as merchandise or cash. Some common examples of liabilities include accounts payable, notes payable, and unearned revenue. The accounting equation emphasizes a basic idea in business; that is, businesses need assets in order to operate. There are two ways a business can finance the purchase of assets. First, it can sell shares of its stock to the public to raise money to purchase the assets, or it can use profits earned by the business to finance its activities. Second, it can borrow the money from a lender such as a financial institution. You will learn about other assets as you progress through the book.

## What is the expanded accounting equation?

The concept of equity does not change depending on the legal structure of the business . The terminology does, however, change slightly based on the type of entity. For example, investments by owners are considered “capital” transactions for sole proprietorships and partnerships but are considered “common stock” transactions for corporations. Likewise, distributions to owners are considered “drawing” transactions for sole proprietorships and partnerships but are considered “dividend” transactions for corporations. In order to make sure that the accounts of a company are balanced, the total assets must equal the sum of the total of all liabilities and owner’s equity.

• The company owing the product or service creates the liability to the customer.
• Can also be referred to as net worth—the value of the organization.
• The increase on the asset side would be in the long-term asset column instead of the current asset column.
• The statement of financial position is also monitored by shareholders to see the profitability of the organization.
• In this scenario, money from cake sale will be deposited in the bank.

This can be used to make several types of financial decisions. For example, it can be used to decide how to finance a new project. The equation can also be used to make investment decisions. By understanding the impact of different financial decisions on the equation, businesses can make sound choices that will help them grow and succeed. Here is the expanded accounting equation for a sole proprietorship. Here is the expanded accounting equation for a corporation. Billie Nordmeyer works as a consultant advising small businesses and Fortune 500 companies on performance improvement initiatives, as well as SAP software selection and implementation.

## How to Determine Revenue From Unadjusted Trial Balances

The account names in the chart of accounts are standardized and thus are the same for all businesses. Revenues and​ stockholders’ contributions in the business increase equity. A​ customer’s promise to pay in the future for services or goods sold is called​ a ________.

The accounts may receive numbers using the system presented in Table 3.2. Here are the different ways the basic accounting equation is used in real-life situations.

## Expanded accounting equation: IS

Once you have this information, you can plug it into the equation and calculate the net income. The Expanded Accounting Equation is a helpful tool for business owners and accountants alike. It allows you to see exactly how much money your company is making or losing.

• Common examples of assets include cash, accounts receivable, machinery, land, and prepaid expenses.
• When you use the accounting equation, you can see if you use business funds for your assets or finance them through debt.
• Finally, it does not provide information about specific transactions.
• Expenses are the costs to provide your products or services.
• These are in a class with other items worth owning like land or buildings.
• Investopedia does not include all offers available in the marketplace.

Aspen Event Planning​ Services, Inc. records deferred expenses and deferred revenues using alternative treatments. It makes adjusting entries as needed to bring its books to the full accrual basis once a year at the end of the year. On December​ 15, it collected \$3,000 from a customer in advance for a series of events that will start late December and end in March. At the end of the​ year, it had performed approximately​ 10% of the services for its customer. The adjusting entry on December 31 will include a debit to Service Revenue for \$2,700. The balance sheet is a financial document that shows how much money an individual, business, or other organization has coming in and going out.

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It also provides a way to track how a business is performing over time. By tracking the changes in the equation, businesses can see whether they are making progress or not. In conclusion, this is an important tool for businesses to use in order to track their financial performance and make informed decisions about their finances. The equation takes into account all of the different types of revenue and expenses that a company has. To use the Expanded Accounting Equation, you will need to know the total revenue, total expenses, and total assets of the company.

## Extended Accounting Equation

The key benefit of using the expanded accounting equation is the extra visibility it provides into how the various components of the equity section of the balance sheet change over time. The expanded accounting equation is derived from the common accounting equation and illustrates in greater detail the different components of stockholders’ equity in a company.

The accounting equation helps show whether someone owns more than they owe – which would mean they have equity on their side of the ledger; less, then it’s likely they may need business funding soon. From the Statement of Stockholders’ Equity, Alphabet’s share repurchases can be seen. Their share repurchases impact both the capital and retained earnings balances. We calculate the expanded accounting equation using 2021 financial statements for this example. To trace back the numbers, refer to the same Alphabet Inc. Balance Sheets shown above and the Income Statement and detailed Statement of Stockholder’s Equity in this section. The monthly trial balance is a listing of account names from the chart of accounts with total account balances or amounts.

## Example 1: Purchasing a car with cash

X receives the cash from the new shareholders and also grants them equity in the company. Since corporations,partnerships, and sole proprietorships are different types ofentities, they have different types of owners. For instance, corporations have stockholders and paid-in capital accounts; where as, partnerships have owner’s contribution and distribution accounts. Thus, all of these entities have a slightly different expanded equation. accounting equation examples The basic accounting equation is a tool that allows businesses to see the financial status of their business at a specific point in time. If these figures are substituted into the expanded accounting equation and totaled, and we add liabilities to this figure, we will obtain AT&T’s total assets. This makes the expanded accounting equation useful for examining changes in a business’s shareholders’ equity between accounting periods.